Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries

A Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) refers to brain damage that is caused by physical trauma. This type of injury is often a result of a direct blow to the head, but can be caused by a number of factors. When the force is large enough to break through the skull and damage your soft brain, or cause your brain to move within your skull, the result is a TBI.

A traumatic brain injury can be caused by almost any type of accident, including:

• Falls from heights and other workplace accidents
• Physical violence
Motor vehicle accidents
• Swimming pool accidents
• Slip and fall injuries
• Contact sports
• Motorcycle and bicycling accidents
Truck accidents
• Pedestrian accidents
• Shaken baby syndrome
• Substance abuse

A TBI can occur even if you do not lose consciousness during your injury. Approximately 2 million Americans suffer from head injuries each year, and between 75,000 and 100,000 of victims die from their injuries.

Side Effects of a TBI

The effects of a brain injury can vary considerably. Your age and the developmental stage of your brain make a difference in your recovery. Where on the brain your injury occurred and the degree of trauma your experienced will also play a significant role.

There are many side effects associated with a TBI that are often cognitive as well as physical and emotional. Some of the most common side effects include:
• Short-term memory loss
• Loss of senses, such as smell or taste
• Difficulty communicating
• Speech impairments
• Trouble concentrating
• Increased anxiety
• Seizures and muscle spasms
• The inability to multi-task
• Impulsive behavior
• Depression
• Double vision or blindness
• Headaches and fatigue

Types of TBIs

TBI can be classified based on:

Severity: Mild, moderate and severe
Mechanism: A closed head TBI occurs when an object or impact does not break through your skull. A penetrating TBI happens when an object pierces through your skull and injures your brain tissue.
Other features: Other features that can classify a TBI include the location of the injury an when the injury occurred. Some TBIs happen at the moment of impact (called a primary injury); others happen hours or days after impact (called a secondary injury).

Treatment and Rehabilitation for TBIs

If you have suffered a TBI, the initial treatment begins when you arrive at the hospital. Doctors will assess the severity of your injury while the trauma nurse provides stabilization and supportive care. The nursing staff will also communicate your condition to other doctors and your family members.

Once you have been stabilized, you will be moved to a trauma care unit where your treatment options will be assessed. Medications may be administered and monitoring devices may be used to help maintain the flow of blood and oxygen to your brain to help reduce pressure and swelling. A psychologist will then evaluate your cognitive skills.

If you have suffered a TBI, rehabilitation is a long process. The number one goal is that your recover to your pre-injury functionality the best you can. A complete recovery is not often possible, but rehabilitative care can considerably help restore your brain function and help you adapt to your new lifestyle.

About the Author:
If you or a family member has suffered a TBI, you probably have questions about collecting compensation for your injuries. To learn more, please visit the website for Virginia brain injury lawyers Kalfus & Nachman, serving the Norfolk, Portsmouth, Virginia Beach, Hampton, Newport News and Roanoke, Virginia areas.
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